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Geotechnical investigation and seismic analysis of underground monuments in Alexandria, Egypt

Authors: Pitilakis, K., Bandis, S., Hemeda, S.
Key words: underground monuments, geotechnical investigation, 2D-3D static analysis, seismic analysis, microtremors
Source: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ICSMGE 2009)
Pages: 4
Date: 2009-10-05
Location: Alexandria, Egypt
DOI: 10.3233/978-1-60750-031-5-1806

Modern underground structures (i.e. tunnels) are less vulnerable to seismic actions than above ground structures. However underground monuments like tombs and catacombs, present certain construction and geometrical particularities that make them quite vulnerable, both in long term static and especially under seismic conditions. The analysis of the stability of these complex monuments under static and strong seismic loading, together with other factors affecting material strength (rising water level, aging and weathering), are the key factors for the efficient restoration and retrofitting of these underground monumental structures. The paper presents the geotechnical, geophysical investigations and the numerical static and seismic analysis of selected underground monuments in Alexandria, Egypt i.e. the Catacombs of Kom El-Shoqafa, El-Shatbi Necropolis and the Necropolis of Mustafa Kamil.



This paper was added to our catalog on Tuesday 09 March, 2010.

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